Which country makes the best rugs?

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Which are the best rugs made today — Egyptian rugs? Persian rugs? Turkish rugs, Afghan rugs, Chinese rugs? Pakistani rugs, Tibetan rugs, Indian rugs…?

In case you have wondered who makes the best rugs — and many people ask me this — here is your last chance to find out. But of course I won’t tell you — because there simply is no best rug or rug-producing country.

Here’s what I will say, though: There are no rugs in the world more “decorative” than the best rugs from Egypt. They can look good in a room where no other rugs in the world will do. When my wife and I staged a house to sell, and hundreds of thousands of dollars were at stake, we used Egyptian carpets.

Persian rugs, on the other hand, have an enviable heritage. There is magic in the best Persian rugs, and a hundred years from now collectors are likely to value today’s rugs from Iran above all others.

Turkey’s tradition is hardly less distinguished. Weaving in Turkey goes back at least 800 years. Add to the weavers’ innate sensibilities a spark from the most creative minds of the West, and you have the kind of symbiosis that creates a renaissance. In recent times the most creative work has often been done there.

The weavers of Afghanistan are tribal people who have always made authentic tribal rugs. Now many of them have been exposed to the sophisticated designs and techniques that flourished in the Pakistani refugee camps. Blessed with a modicum of peace and stability, Afghan weavers are beginning to fly.

The weavers of China are good, good, good, but they seem to be waiting for the right direction. Western producers give them bad cues. Someday they will connect with their own roots and the sleeping dragon will wake. In the meantime, no one can beat Chinese rugs for value.

The Pakistani rug world faces an uncertain future, suddenly deprived of hundreds of thousands skilled Afghanis who have returned home. But Pakistani weavers can take heart in knowing that they can weave finer rugs than their Afghan cousins, and that’s just what they’re doing. Producers are creating perfect colors and designs. Western buyers who are indifferent to the supposed charms of abrash and natural dyes often prefer the best rugs made by Pakistan’s indigenous weavers.

Tibetan rug producers — there is no end to their inventiveness. They are artists whose canvas is the wonderful woven fabric of native Tibetan wool. Tibetan weavers are responsible for a new dimension in Oriental rug design.

And finally, the confusing world of Indian rugs. There are so many productions from this vast country. The best Indian rugs — Mahindras, for instance — don’t seem to find a permanent place in the market, while common Indian rugs seem to survive everything. But now and then people with vision give direction to a gifted band of Indian weavers — and then you have something special.

At times during the writing of this book I have worried that the renaissance has lost its momentum. At the end, though, I’m cheerful. When we tear into newly arrived bales of rugs, there is nearly always at least one captivating carpet among them, one that expresses a new idea or an old idea made fresh. I hope you find as much pleasure as I do in Oriental rugs today.


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    Bill November 22, 2008

    Thanks, I was wondering who made the best rugs.

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    rugs December 10, 2008

    good article but could you comment on who makes the best quality rugs? i was told Pakistani rugs are the best made in the world..

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    Dave December 10, 2008

    As Emmett points out in the article, there are many countries producing high quality oriental rugs – and it’s very difficult to say which country makes the best quality rugs for that reason. In general, there is much more variation in rug quality within countries (depending on the producer) than between countries. In other words, the best Indian rugs are of far superior quality than a mediocre rug from Iran, etc.

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    Ian July 16, 2009

    What do you think of Moroccan rugs? Why are they generally ignored in discussions of tribal weaving?

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    hi November 30, 2009

    “Which country makes the best rugs?” and no mention of Armenia? BRAVO!

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    salar December 12, 2009

    ofcourse , persian rug is the best !

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    hassani December 12, 2009


    i am sure , the iranian carpet is the best in the world

    thank you

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    Ethos December 16, 2009

    I know I’m not alone in this, but I prefer the simplicity, earthiness and warmth, not to mention the rustic masculinity of Turkmen rugs.

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    shawn January 6, 2010

    I’m from Iran, so basically I’m Persian…;)

    One thing to look for in a rug is the thread count. Expensive persian rugs have sooo many fine threads. So the feel of the carpet speaks for its self.

    Next the design of the rug looks sooo pleasant(way more HiDef than other rugs). This is because of the high thread count.

    Go to a persian rug store and feel the cheaper rugs with
    the more expensive rugs and you will see the difference.

    See the best otherwise you don’t know what to compare to.

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    Eddie July 28, 2010

    If you are choosing the best rug on the density of knots, clearly the best rug in the world comes from Hereke region of Turkey. They are in the guinness book of records.

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    sunny August 29, 2010

    i think the afghani rugs are the best since afghanistan is unrest most of the afghans are in iran and pakistan living there as refuge when they make rugs it counts from that country so all rugs are from afghanistan but the other countries are using their names.and it is all afghans who show them what to do so( irani gaka )(chalos ) shame on you

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    Visadiaries September 29, 2010

    If you are in the market for oriental rugs it is best to ask friends and family about rug dealers they have bought from. Beware of deceptive or gimmick tactics used by dealers to lure you into buying rugs at exorbitant prices.

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    Mohammad Hossein Fasihi January 14, 2011

    Hi, I’m from Iran.
    Sunny! I adore the culture of Afghanistan. They are our brothers and sisters and we have been part of one great culture for many centuries.
    I don’t know about rugs in a professional way, but one thing I know is that Persian rug is a result of our regional culture which goes back thousands of years!(and even Persian rug itself has many variants depending on the region and method and …)
    Afghan people were here in Iran for a couple of decades (as a result of a bad political system in their home country) and they were mostly known as workers in building construction here. Therefore I wouldn’t suggest Persian carpet has been influenced by them here. If you came to Iran some day (and we are always glad to see guests) there is a museum for Persian rugs and you can visit.
    To give you more clues about the subject, by western people who came to Iran a couple of centuries ago Iran was known as: The land of people who walk on flowers (Persian rug).
    And I’ve heard by some people here who are in this business, Persian rug is mostly known as a flooring choice for a more royal and aristocratic theme, by western customers.

    God bless.

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    Mohammad Hossein Fasihi January 14, 2011

    My grandmother used to make rugs (Kermani variant) many years ago and she’s not an Afghan!!!
    Again, you can read “Gone With The Wind” there is a part that describes the decoration and there it mentions Persian rugs.
    and there are much more I’m remembering on the fly!
    There are and there have always been discussions about Iran in many aspects. But one thing that is very clear about Iran is it’s thousands of years of glorious culture.

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    Bay Arean March 2, 2011

    Hi, I learned from a dealer that Afghan rugs are more superior in quality than Indian or New Zealand rugs (or other lower elevation locations) because there are more natural oils found in the wools of the higher elevation rugs (Afghanistan). Thus, it makes the wool less brittle. And this is all I could remember from the convo. You can take it or leave it. But seems logical. I have not done research on net about this topic so if anyone has more info, please share.

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    AFR August 15, 2011

    Afghani rugs are known around the world b/c its their specialty and they have been making them for the longest time. I do believe that Persians were influenced after realizing the success and the wide demand of the rugs.

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    Olaf February 24, 2012

    the best are from IKEA……..

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    Ararat April 27, 2012

    Armenian rug is the best in the world

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    Kevin September 23, 2012

    All of them boast their country rug is the best.But yeah,May be Afghan or Persian or Armenian rugs are best too.But Indian rugs are also really good and durable.But lets not argue who is best or who beats who.We all make good rugs & the world loves it.I personally love Russian vodka,Indian curry,Chinese food,Western movies,European cuisine & Art,Guatemala coffee,Australian surfboards & much much more..So lets be thankful for these..

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    Anonymous October 27, 2012

    Pakistan makes the best rugs… Period

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    Dane February 9, 2013

    I own 16 Persian carpets and 2 Chinese, one a large silk piece. I love the large Chinese silk piece I purchased at auction for $3,000, appraised at $15,000. Most of my carpets have a high knot count but I have some tribal that pieces that go fine with just about anything. I’m Canadian with English and Scottish heritage. I have traveled to 35+ countries and seen some wonderful works of art in the form of carpets. I would have to say Iranian or Persian carpets, for me, are the best.
    Fabric, design, knots per square inch, history and the sheer beauty is worth
    investing more. Look for estate sale auctions, distressed sellers, etc, and take your
    time, it may take years. Learn retail price and look to buy for 10%, in 10 to 20 years you can own $100,000 of carpets for $10,000.

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    Anas February 14, 2013

    I had a chance to visit this big carpet store in Paris and they had this huge section of Paki carpets….

    Beautiful works of art those pieces..

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    Ali March 12, 2013

    i am from Iran
    when you notice to the knots type you can choose what type of better than others
    in Iran we have two types of knots (Persian knot and Turkish knot) that the Turkish(used in Turkish region of Iran) type is more stronger than Persian type.
    constancy of colors in a carpet also is important parameter.

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    Rahima June 29, 2013

    Thanks for the article, but best quality carpet and rugs are from afghanistan, since they don’t have proper governmental departments to support and export, all their workers, technics and designs usually goes under name of iran and pakistan who are holding the fist place in export of carpets actually not really best originated work directly from them.

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    Janet July 2, 2013

    I love them all and would like to have a nice example from all the countries mentioned!

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    Danny February 20, 2014

    i am mostly impressed with Persian and Turkish rugs. Especially silk handmade rugs which are from Hereke Turkey are impressive. They have a unique history behind this rug making and thus quality shows that.

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    Ali Mirza August 28, 2014

    No 1 is Persian carpet followed by Kashmiri carpet. Afghani, Turkish, morrocon, Pakistani. Finally bottom slot is occupied by amritsari, jaipuri n so on

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    Nada September 17, 2014

    I learned that dry climate wool is better, if you wanna buy a wool carpet.
    Just saying nada

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    TURAN October 30, 2014

    i’m from iran and i’m not persian v r azerbaijanian Turks and we have more than 35 million population(the half of irans population)and the rugs that iran exports by the name of persian carpet or persian rugs r ours and orginally made by us.so i think it’s clear and u can call’em turkish rugs to . our hitory in making rugs goes back to the very very very past ages and the oldest rugs in the world has been found in Azərbaycan so it’s the answer of your question.and even in past our silk carpets were famous and the outline of our rugs were drawed by our artists.so we’re the best at what we do.pardon me english.

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    S.S January 18, 2015

    Persian carpet is the best

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    Suhrab Nazar September 6, 2015

    Hi, i am an Afghan and am a carpet lover, i am working in a carpet showroom here in India for a while now.

    The Afghan wool carpet ranks number for the past few years at the exhibition, but i do accept that the silk carpets are not that successful inthe market. Iranian, Turkesh and anatonia are very good in silk.

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    Yamood Carpets September 30, 2015

    Well well, I would aslo love to share my knowledge about rugs as I’m an Afghan Refugee in Pakistan and We’re Turkoman/Turkmen Ordinary People. It doesn’t matter where we live Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, or in China We just make Rugs and Carpets because it’s our Duty, Responsibility, Passion, and Occupation. So I think Persian Rugs are the best in the World because of Persian Rug’s have Astounding Design and very High Numbers of KPSI which makes them Incredible somehow Unfortunately Persian Rug’s Prices are too Expensive. In other hand I think Currently in the International Market Afghan Rugs are the Top because of their new Modern Designs and the way of Washing Rugs since They’ve moved to Pakistan here’s the Facilities that a Rug really required to Preparing it to be Legen…Wait for it…Dary Legendary and also those Poor Carpet Washers Afghan Young Refugees who have nowhere else to do better Job and Washing Carpets are not easy.

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    Cameron January 11, 2016

    Silk rugs from Qom, Iran are undoubtedly the best inthe world. Thos who say otherwise haven’t seen the rugs that I have.

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    Anonymous February 9, 2016

    Afghani rug has the best quality in the world

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    Namir February 10, 2016

    A better discussion would be which region/village/city makes the best rug. A single country is too large a sample. Each country has top of the line and lesser quality. Plus what time period are we referring to: pre WWII, modern, 19th century? Those answers are all different. Another discussion is which is the best value-best quality for least cost. Great subject that needs expanding

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    Mimi February 17, 2016

    dear author, you forget to write the about Turkmen carpets! By the way, there exist as woolen as well as silk carpets. So if someone prefers something more delicate then silk carpets are over there.

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    Mimi February 17, 2016

    dear author, you forgot to write about Turkmen carpets! By the way, there exist as woolen as well as silk carpets. So if someone prefers something more delicate then silk carpets are over there.

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    Vahid April 8, 2016

    Iran_Persian has and always will produce the best rugs and all of the rest have copied weaving style and design patterns of Persian rugs..how dare you compare? and who died and made you an expert to write an article on rugs anyway.

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    Richard April 8, 2016

    I don’t think you really read the article. Emmett and his brother Murray both have over 48 years in the business and have several books to their names. No one died, they just lived carpets everyday for the last half of century.

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    sanjaytuli May 17, 2016

    Carpets Made In India are the best carpets ever.

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    David August 24, 2016

    The Best quality carpets is made in Indian Kashmir

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    Shemboof September 21, 2016


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    Hamid khan October 19, 2016

    according to my point of view afghan rugs are better than others because many of afghan people are in iran and pakistan as afghan refuge due to some civil war in their homeland one and half decade ago and they are working there so they make rugs and that countries sell it in the international market by their own name…

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    Ali October 28, 2016

    as i know
    the persian carpets are amazing
    and other countries’ carpets are copied from Iranian designs.

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    Jay November 22, 2016

    Hands down, Persian (Iran) rugs are the most sought after. They will only increase in value!

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    Javaid December 3, 2016

    Un doubtfully, The best hand knotted carpets are made in Kashmir, next is Persian.

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    Allan January 5, 2017

    Hi All

    I am not from any of the mentioned countries but I have been collecting carpets for many years from Iran thinking they were the best. Anyway now my opinion has changed I think Indian and Afghanistan carpets are made better than iranian carpets as several iranian carpets I have had have had problems . Not one carpets I have had from India has had a problem so their for I would have to say Indian carpets are made to last not like some of these Iranian carpets that look good but fall apart after a couple of years on the floor .

    Thats my two cents worth on this topic

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    Gordon Ramsay March 1, 2017


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    Maria July 16, 2017

    As a carpet lover i have no doubt that Chinese tradicional carpet are the best carpets. Period. No other can stand by them. And i AM not Chinese… I have a couple of persian carpets, all of them wool, not silk. And i am convinced Chinese are the best.